Endemic Architecture

San Jose, California presents an interesting case study of the ranch house type’s evolution over time from an alternative space of mid-century Modernism’s open plan and mass customization to a contemporary type characterized by typological differences rather than any uniform spatial or formal ordering. In other words, while many residential types exhibit underlying organizational and compositional ideals, the ranch house type is non-ideal, non-uniform, and informal spataial and formal compositions within a basic 1-story broad-faced massing. This makes the front facade of the ranch house type its primary medium for architectural expression. In the ranch house type window sizes and locations vary, roofs and walls might appear to move indpendently of eachother, elements such as chimney’s and garages often flank a recessed entry, and typically the plan profile reveals a ‘crenelated’ line. 

For this front addition a new entry is ‘carved’ into the massing with intersecting barrel vaults. This stereotomic carving of a mass is punctuated by a chimney form that intersects a series of stepped wall planes. One of these planes detaches from the foundation to create a cantilever, exaggerating the planarity of the wall while creating relief from the ground. The new roof is elongated to create additional surface area for solar panels, while in plan, the corners of the addition cascade, or step, as they recede to create frontal views for each room while disrupting the typical ‘rectangle’ plan of a ranch house. 

_Front addition to a 1-story ranch house
_San Jose, CA. 
_Expected Constrction: 2023 (currently in Design Development)

Copyright, Endemic Architecture 2022